The decision to get plastic surgery is totally someone’s prerogative. Some people get plastic surgery to reconstruct some part of their body after an accident, such as a car crash or burns. Others do so after a medical procedure, such as after a mastectomy. Still others get plastic surgery simply because they want to change their appearance.

However, cosmetic surgery is still surgery and complications can happen. While everyone’s appearance is their prerogative, constant plastic surgery is not the healthiest decision to make. Read on to learn all about plastic surgery and some common complications

  1. Seroma

Seromas occur when a cosmetic surgeon removes a lot of tissue or tissue is shifted around. They are not life-threatening, but they are oftentimes rather painful.

A seroma occurs when  sterile body fluid called serum builds up under the skin. Serum is mainly just blood plasma, and is created when many blood cells are separated simultaneously. As the seromas builds up under the skin, it leads to swelling and pain in the region of origin. While the pain is localized, it is internal pressure trying to escape, so it is at the least uncomfortable.

The only risk with a seroma is that it is more open to infection. To avoid this, a medical professional must drain the seroma. Oftentimes, they use a large needle attached to a surgical drainage system.

Seromas most commonly occur after a “tummy tuck”, where 15-30% of patients experience this complication. Seromas also occur after breast augmentations and liposuction.

  1. Hematoma

A hematoma is very similar to a seroma, but with blood instead of serum. Hematomas resemble large, painful bruises due to the build up of blood under the skin. The symptoms and treatment are similar to a seroma, but a hematoma is a little more serious.

Cosmetic surgeons utilize the same drainage systems to treat hematomas that are smaller. However, larger hematomas require an additional surgical procedure to treat. The patient has to go back under anesthesia while the doctors carefully drain and repair the hematoma.

Medical professionals are unsure why, but hematomas occur more often in men than in women. Hematomas often occur after face lift procedures as well as breast augmentation procedures. Hematomas are less common than seromas, occurring in only about 1% of face lift patients.

  1. Nerve Damage

Nerve damage is a potential risk of any surgery. However, the chances of nerve damage dramatically increase for many plastic surgery procedures. This is because plastic surgery is often times removing significant amounts of tissue or adding foreign substances to the body.

Nerve damage does not have to consist of a complete loss of sensation. Many times, patients report a simple reduction or change in sensation. This problem is most common after breast augmentation, where it occurs in about 15% of patients.