Diabetes is a chronic disease, which impacts the blood sugar level of your body. Glucose is the driving force of your body, which gives you the ability to continue. This is why diabetes is a serious ailment, which needs proper care and treatment.
There are two types of diabetes, namely diabetes type 1 and type 2. So, what’s the difference between type 1 & 2? Patients suffering from type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin in their body. On the other hand, patients suffering from diabetes type 2 don’t respond to insulin and thus has abnormal blood sugar level. Both are chronic conditions, which can lead to death, if not treated.
Risk Factor or Causes
The causes or risk factors of diabetes type 1 are
- Age – It is found predominantly in children
- Family history – People with a sibling or parent suffering from type 1 diabetes are more prone to suffer from the same
The risk factors of type 2 diabetes are
- Elevated blood sugar levels before diagnosis for a prolonged period
- Aged above 45
- Physically inactive or have belly fat
Diagnosis of Diabetes
The test for determining if a patient is suffering from diabetes or not is a blood test termed as a glycated hemoglobin test. It tests for your blood sugar level over a period of two weeks to two months.
Diabetes is an incurable medical condition. For patients suffering from type 1 diabetes, insulin injection or an insulin pump is a solution, which helps to control the blood sugar level.
As for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes, maintaining a healthy lifestyle along with a balanced diet and regular checks for blood sugar levels is a good treatment. You should also visit your physician to make sure that you are on the right track.
Living With Diabetes
Unlike other health conditions, you can manage diabetes with some help from medical professionals or caregivers. Some of the steps that you can undertake are
- Eating a balanced diet
- Having a healthy and regular lifestyle
- Avoiding smoking and alcohol
- Consuming enough fluids
- Checking your blood sugar level regularly
- Manage stress levels
- Take care of yourself and check for any changes in health to identify the onset of other health issues
There are different support groups for people suffering from diabetes, of which you can be a part. You can also be a part of a diabetes education program in your area, helping other people learn about diabetes and ways of controlling it.
This helps when you are away from home or don’t have a permanent caregiver. Speaking with health professionals and making sure that you stay on track is the most effective way in which you can deal with diabetes.
If you have health insurance, you might be covered for diabetes, especially if it is diabetes type 2. However, make sure that you speak to your insurance provider, and clear your doubts about the coverage and benefits.